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U.s. 11, Washington 7, Us 7, Pkk 7, Turkey 4, Northern Iraq 4, America 4, Clinton 4, Los Angeles 3, Kcet 3, Mexico 3, India 3, David Cameron 2, Newman 2, John D. 2, Bbc News 2, Ceausescu 2, David Eades 2, Honolulu 2, Vermont 2,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business.  
   International issues. (CC)  

    July 21, 2010
    7:00 - 7:30am EDT  

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>> "bbc world news" is presented by kcet, los angeles. funding for this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, the john d. and catherine t. macarthur foundation, and union bank. >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries.
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what can we do for you? >> and now "bbc world news." >> hello, this is "gmt" on bbc world news. the u.s. gets tougher on north korea. new sanctions targeting the country's elite intended to stem the funding of the regime's nuclear program. >> north korea can halt its provocative behavior, threats, and belligerence toward its neighbors. >> we take you into the camps of the pkk as the circus -- as the turkish separatist leader talks about ending the armed struggle if the conditions are right. and a special report on the export trade of asbestos to developing countries. hello, welcome to "gmt."
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i'm david eades. if you're luxuries' and arms, the latest sanctions imposed by the u.s. and north korea marked a further attempt by washington to stem the country's nuclear ambitions. u.s. secretary of state said on the visit to the capital of south korea that it was part of an attempt to stamp out illegal money-making ventures aimed at funding the nuclear program. we can go live to seoul to join our correspondent. john? >> hillary clinton spoke about the six decades that america and south korea have been standing shoulder to shoulder through the struggle of war and the uneasy peace that has followed. this visit has been strong on symbolism, underlining the strength of that alliance against the threat from north of the border. hillary clinton was given her own up close glimpse of north korea. and america's both adversaries
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was watching back. the u.s. secretary of state's visit to the heavily fortified border, accompanied by defense secretary robert gates, was all part of the symbolism of the trip, a show of support for the south korean ally. but at the press conference in seoul, misses clinton made clear there was substance, too. >> today by announcing a series of measures to increase our ability to prevent north korea's proliferation, to halt their illicit activities that help fund their weapons programs, and to discourage further provocative action. first, we will implement new country-specific sanctions aimed at north korea's sale and procurement of arms and related material. >> the measures are punishment for no. 3 of's and budget torpedoing of this south korean warship in march, and incident isolated state still denies
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having anything to do with. north korea is already one of the most heavily sanctioned countries on the planet, the new sanctions announced here is meant to squeeze the arms proliferation activity even harder and place further restrictions on its import of luxury goods. misses clinton said the measures were not directed at the people of north korea but the misguided and -- policies of their leaders. but she also said there is still a chance for north korea to choose a different path, to have sanctions lifted and energy assistance provided if it stops its belligerence toward its neighbors. it is clear from the secretary of state's comments that these actions are targeted at the north korean leadership and its vast illicit moneymaking machine which is reported to use companies and embassies abroad to trade in luxury goods, in
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arms, and even in drugs. what we don't know, though, is exactly how these new sanctions will work and how they will improve on the vast array of measures, of course, already in place. >> that is what the devil lies. john, thanks, indeed. and now with some of the rest of the main stories. >> his first visit to washington, british prime tester david cameron has come under pressure by u.s. senators calling for an inquiry into whether the oil company bp lobbied for the release of the lockerbie bomb or a mcgraw-hill. the prime minister said the position had been the sole possession of the scottish government. today the stock is just a secretary denied that he was influenced by bp. >> there is still underlying concern in america about what may or may not have transpired between bp and a previous british government. they are legitimate questions. they are not questions the scottish government can answer. but i do in -- think they are
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entitled to be asked and some of the mission be given. i could give complete assurance to the senators and everybody else, we rejected the prisoner transfer application. there was no lobbying or discussions or meetings between the scottish government and bp. but as i say, the prisoner transfer did seem to us to be tainted, and that is why we rejected the application by the libyan government to return al- megrahi. >> two security guards shot dead in an attack on a hydroelectric plant in russia. at least two other injured as a gunman burst into the plant. they then set off explosions -- explosives. it is not clear who carried it out. authorities are not ruling out the possibility of a terrorist attack. at least seven other people thought to have died in flooding and landslides in central and southern china.
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hundreds more are missing after weeks of torrential downpours. now the region it is bracing itself for the second half -- powerful storm in less than a week. the tropical storm is expected to make landfall on thursday. six afghan police officers have been beheaded by insurgents in northern afghanistan. after militants attacked government buildings, including a police checkpoint. the taliban folk -- spokesman confirmed the attack but denied that the headings. the romanian authorities have exhumed the bodies of the former leader ceausescu and his wife. the move follows a request by the couple's son and son-in-law who questioned the identity of the bodies in the grave in the cemetery. samples have been taken from both bodies in order to confirm identities. the ceausescus were executed in the romanian uprising that ended authoritarian communist rule in 1999.
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>> the son-in-law of ceausescu was there, and together with forensic scientists and pathologist and a exhumed the bodies, took samples, put them into plastic bags and put the bodies back in the ground. what the family is very keen to do it and no one's and for what this is in fact the right bodies. the son in law said to us, he said he recognized the black coat that ceausescu was wearing with holes in it that he presumed or the bullet holes when he was executed. so, he is the sort of convinced. but the family as a whole wednesday in a evidence to confirm who the bodies are. >> hundreds of dead or dying penguins have been washed up on the beaches of brazil. autopsies on several revealed their stomachs were entirely empty, indicating they might have starved to death. it is not clear what caused them to lose orientation and stop feeding. that is it. back to you. >> thank you very much.
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a joint investigation by the international consortium of investigative journalists and the bbc found worldwide production of asbestos continues at around 2 million metric tons a year despite concerns by scientists that it can cause cancer. asbestos is banned or restricted in at least 50 countries, including canada. although its companies' export what they say is a safer form to developing nations, including china, india, and mexico. steve brad shaw reports. >> a town called asbestos. waiting for a decision on a $56 million loan to increase production of white asbestos. the locals think it's safe. >> it is a minimal. not as dangerous as before because now there are laws in place. workers take precautions. >> french-speaking canada is not
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a part of a bitter worldwide route as to whether white asbestos can really be used safely. >> the relative risk we see in the study for asbestos, including white asbestos, are very high, on the order of the highest we have seen in most kinds of occupational studies. tourists can probably be compared to the risks for users of -- the risks can probably be compared to the users of tobacco in lung cancer. the more than 50 countries have banned or restricted its use but industry groups like this institute here in montreal have repeatedly questioned science. together with the international consortium of investigative journalists we have been investigating the asbestos strayed across the world. trade which some say is still threatening lives. >> we found that there is a global network of lobby groups extending from canada, to russia, to india, to mexico, to
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brazil. that has invested a minimum of $100 million since the mid-1980s to keep white asbestos or crisis tile expenses in commerce and to promote growth of the use of asbestos in the developing world. >> there is a small number of western scientists who strongly believe the who is wrong about white asbestos. >> i am absolutely convinced it is been demonized. i think there is an immeasurably small risk, meaning it cannot be measured. we cannot demonstrate such a risk. i would believe it is so low to be unimportant compared to the normal risk of life, such as of the risks on the road, the risk of food poisoning, the risk in developing countries in particular of dirty water and pour sewage. >> white asbestos is a strong
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fireproof and she building material. india can get enough of it. there is not much evidence here, though, that it is being used in a controlled way or safely processed in a nearby workshop. >> when we go from here, our work is running the machine. we get near the cotter lines. we have to see that the sheets to not been damaged or broken. secondly, when the cutter rotates, the dust hits, powder hits, so that is why we sit with cloth on our faces. but whether it would be ethical to suggest that we should wait and see rather than working for a ban and those countries, one might debate. if countries do decide to continue using it, i think it is therefore important that they should have in place could systems for measuring the exposure of workers to discuss
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post -- workers to asbestos and monitoring so if they are wrong in their judgment, this would emerge as quickly as possible. >> of the quebec government argues that used safely, white asbestos is not dangerous. and the slight risk is acceptable in return for the benefits. but there is tight health and safety legislation in canada and it is rarely used there. canada exports the vast majority of the white asbestos it mines. stephen brad shaw, bbc news. >> it is a story provoking considerable controversy. you will find much more coverage on our new-look website. if you go to bbc.com/news, you will find the article looking at the use of asbestos across four continents and a series of documentaries looking at what we are corning the dangers of the dust -- coining the dangers of
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the best. you can send comments to the bbc world news facebook page. please do that for us. you're watching "gmt" with me, david eades. still to come, a secret kurdish camps in northern iraq and an interview with the leader of the pkk. any hopes that david cameron may have had for a calm inaugural visit to washington to seem to be fading after the controversies over bp dominated the prime minister's thursday in washington. he was pressed by four u.s. senators for an inquiry as to whether the oil company didn't lobby for the release of the lockerbie -- whether the oil company did lobby for the release of the lockerbie bomb or. >> on his first visit to washington, the prime minister couldn't get away from one man -- not barack obama, but this one, al-megrahi.
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u.s. senators are convinced bp had an unsavory role in the release of the bomber, and in a hastily arranged meeting with prime minister david cameron they made their case. >> the only way to restore the integrity of what happened and to continue the integrity of the british government, and integrity that we respect, is to do a full and complete investigation. >> but after the meeting, british officials said the promise to have not changed its earlier position. releasing him was a mistake, but for the time being, there will be no inquiry. >> i don't need an inquiry to tell me it was a bad decision. >> al megrahi was given just months to live at the time of his relief, nearly a year later he is still alive but the scottish first minister defended the choice. >> i think it is and have a possible that somebody's life
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expectancy in a prison is somewhat shorter than life expensive -- expectancy with aggressive drug therapy in tripoli. >> with a daring do next week is to be a thorn in the british government's side for some time to come. bbc news, washington. >> this is "gmt" from bbc world news. our main story this hour -- and no sanctions against north korea. the u.s. secretary of state hillary clinton said america will target those who bankrolled the regime's new nuclear program. the bbc has gained some rare access to a secret kurdish guerrilla camp in the mountains of northern iraq. the kurdish workers party, or pkk, is listed as a terrorist
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organization by most western governments. for years it has staged attacks against turkey from its bases in iraq. 10 thou from the people have been killed in a conflict more than a quarter of a century old. now it says it could be willing to disarm. our correspondent travel to a rocky to keep iraqi kurdistan to meet with the leaders. >> somewhere in the mountains of kurdistan, pkk fighters are training. this video shows one side of a conflict that has claimed the lives of more than 40,000 people on both sides. turkey says these men are terrorists. the u.s. and eu agreed. here is why. this bomb attack on a bus in istanbul last month killed five people, four of them soldiers, one a 17-year-old girl. a splinter group and then it to carrying out the attack. this have been going on for 26
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years. we were invited to visit a pkk camp at a secret location in the mountains of northern iraq. the fighters, around the third -- a third win in -- a third of them women. for more than a decade they used these as a base to plan a tax and type -- inside turkey. a challenge their leaders to justify killing in the name of a political cause. he told me the work was willing to disarm under u.n. supervision of the turkish government agreed to a cease-fire and more rights for turkey's kurds. but he accused turkish forces of mutilating the dead bodies of his fighters and warned that if his demands were not met, the war would continue. >> when one of ours is killed, turkish soldiers cut his body to pieces and cut out his eyes. we will make whatever sacrifices are needed. >> this war is being fought on two fronts -- turkey to the
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north and iran to the east. both countries have been hitting back with artillery bombardment and air strikes on iraqi territory. you can see the results of some of this bombing and shelling in this massive crater item clamoring out of. it is deeper than i can call and it has -- was caused some of these villages say, by its turkish airplane that dropped two bombs -- one here, and one over there, on this village, scattering pieces of scrap and all this big all over the place and causing the destruction that you can see over there to those houses. here are some of the victims of this forgotten war. more than 2000 people are now living in tents in this camp alone, forced to flee their villages under a barrage of iranian and turkish bombardment. >> yes, this man told me, pkk
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fighters to come to our villages. what can we do about it? they are armed. we just want to be left in peace. but a sporadic shelling continues, the encampment is looking more permanent and these farmers can do little more than pray that they will be able to go home soon. bbc news in kurdistan, northern iraq. >> more on that -- joining me now from washington is the director of the think tank which focuses on turkish affairs. thank you so much for joining us. i just want to first of all, given gabriel's interview, how much do you put in those remarks, those suggestions that maybe the pkk would lay down arms? >> it is quite possible right now because in the last 30 years, turkey has been suffering from this war between the pkk and the turkish army, but now, especially in the last year
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there is a democratic opening happening in turkey that aims to bring comprehensive political solutions to the whole issue. that is why part of this process, it is quite likely right now, you can see some kind of solution, if not right now, very soon, we could see progress on democratic rights and democratic issues regarding turkey's kurdish population and also that we can see pkk laying down its arms quite soon. >> the rhetoric is the easy bit. you look at the reports coming in daily. we had more today. there will be more tomorrow, no doubt, on a tax, fair enough, by both sides of each other of which points to exactly the opposite. >> what is going on right now is very much friary. but if you remember, for example, two months ago we were pretty close to that phase.
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if you take this seriously, then we can really see these kinds of indirect negotiations or some kind of public pressure -- especially pkk -- may really be this kind of process. but it is unlikely to see this is happening from now on. but we should be really ready for these kinds of surprises in this issue. >> server to interrupt you -- but how disciplined you think the pkk is as an organization? if the leader says stop, do they stop, or are there splinter groups that carry on? >> the pkk is one of the most powerful military organizations in the region, that is for sure. but on the other hand, i think the natural atmosphere, the natural habitat has been harmed in the last couple of years because of the consensus over
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pkk laying down arms. because right now turkey, iran, u.s., kurdistan regional government, they all disagree with the pkk by continuing its military struggle. that is why right now we can see the objective conditions are getting ready for this kind of -- >> we will watch with great interest. things are much, indeed. three months into the bp oil spill in the gulf of mexico, the u.s. government official in charge of managing the crisis as a relief, should finally reach of the broken well by the weekend. a retired coast guard admiral thad allen said engineers and getting closer to pump mud in the well to permanently seal it. we are joined by dallas, texas, by the director of the mcguire energy institute. thanks for joining us. do you see in those remarks finally the end of this appalling south of? >> well, i think we are
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certainly seeing the beginning of the end, at least we hope so. the temporary cap that they had on for the last week or so seems to have been holding, and they made great progress and are ahead of schedule anyway on the relief well. so, we are very hopeful that in the next couple of days we will have the blog -- is blocked. >> it is hard to imagine an example where a company has done quite so disastrously in managing a project -- a disaster. hasn't done anything right, vp, in your book? >> well, i think if you look back over the last 90 days or so, from a technical and engineering standpoint, putting aside the disaster itself for the moment and looking at what they have done and the steps that have gone through to try to actually shot the well off, those are -- have probably been the right steps and probably the steps that any other company
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would have taken. but handling the public side of it in terms of the transparency and kind of the retail side in terms of handling the claims of the businesses that have been harmed and so forth, is what has really hurt the company's reputation. >> in terms of the industry, sort of a brave new world going on, which has proved to be a disastrous failure. do you thing -- as we start to look to the future, that things will change dramatically, that these sorts of operations would not be allowed to go on or given time this will be part of the history book of people carry on regardless? >> certainly failures such as this tend to drive technological progress and technological change, as well as changes in
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training and programs and such. i would suspect things would be done quite differently 3 04 years from now than now -- both from the technology side and on the regulatory side. so, i think we will see things very, very differently. really the unthinkable happened and everybody had been so focused on preventing an accident from happening that once it did happen, the response on the part of both bp, and quite frankly, the u.s. federal government, has been lacking. >> bruce, we have a leave it there. but thank you very much indeed for joining us from dallas. just time for me to remind you of our top story -- that is the american secretary of state tell of a clinton announcing new sanctions against north korea which the americans blame for the sinking of a south korean warship. that is about it for this edition of "gmt." thank you for being with us. do stay with us here on bbc world news.
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